17 November 2010

Ch 22, Pt 1: "Cap Rescues Johnny at McCarthy"

Legacy of the Chief, Chapter 22: "Cap Rescues Johnny at McCarthy - 1924" pt 1


Looking north up Shushanna Avenue, McCarthy. In the foreground is the Mother Lode power plant.  --Simpson Files

John Barrett still managed Green Butte Copper eighteen years
after he had staked the claims. He was involved in other mining
ventures as well, though this was the only copper mine.

After being delayed due to early summer flooding of McCarthy Creek,
which took out one of the bridges, the way was finally cleared for
him to return to town. He needed to ascertain the intention of
Kennecott to continue supplying power from the Mother Lode to Green
Butte. The power supply to Mother Lode originally came from a small
plant at McCarthy. Old Mother Lode Company owned the power plant,
but the power pole system was part of a joint-venture between Mother
Lode and Green Butte.

The Mother Lode and Green Butte companies strung the power lines on
new poles they installed which followed the creek from McCarthy to
the Mother Lode upper camp thirteen miles away. Only two years
later, Kennecott absorbed Mother Lode. Kennecott picked up the
McCarthy power plant as one of the assets of the old company.
Because Kennecott’s Bonanza mine had workings that bordered on the
tunnels of the Mother Lode, the company had planned to close the
McCarthy plant as soon as it ran new underground lines to the Mother
Lode upper camp. 

Power for Kennecott came from a large 200-foot long plant that had
just been upgraded and enlarged. The plant north of the main town of
Kennecott sent 10,000 volts of power up a three-mile power line
which followed the Bonanza tram. A transformer station at Bonanza
brought the power down to 2,400 volts for the use of the four large
air compressors, and to 240 and 120 volts for everything else. Power
from Bonanza then was routed to the Jumbo, which was connected by a
crosscut tunnel about a mile to the northwest of the Bonanza.

ML powerplant

The Mother Lode power plant at McCarthy.    --Simpson Files

In 1919 the Kennecott miners finished the Bonanza 800-level crosscut
tunnel to connect the Mother Lode workings with those of the Bonanza
and to access the Mother Lode upper camp at the 5,200 elevation. The
new crosscut led to the Rhodes tunnel, which was the adit level for
the Mother Lode upper camp above McCarthy Creek. Kennecott then
extended the power from Bonanza upper camp on the west side of
Bonanza Ridge, through the new crosscut to the Mother Lode camp,
which was on the east side of the ridge.

The plant at McCarthy shut down permanently in 1919, and the power
poles between McCarthy and Green Butte were abandoned. The lines
between Green Butte and the upper camp at Mother Lode were kept
operational. Kennecott simply reversed the flow of power. It
maintained the power-sharing arrangement with Green Butte for a
reasonable fee as long as upper Mother Lode camp remained in

Recently John Barrett began hearing rumors that the Mother Lode
upper camp would soon be abandoned due to the well-known avalanche
problem in Mother Lode Gulch. The men living at Mother Lode would be
moved to the nearby Bonanza camp.

ML Hubrick Upr

Location of the ML upper camp   --Hubrick

It seemed unlikely that Kennecott power would be available once the
company shut down the upper camp. The cessation of this power supply
would adversely affect operations at Green Butte since the existing
generator plant at Green Butte was inadequate for anything but
emergency power. Barrett realized he might find himself in the
market for a full-sized generator at a time when development money
for the Green Butte Mine was almost non-existent. He hoped to meet
with superintendent Bill Douglass to discuss the matter on his next
trip to McCarthy.

As Barrett’s truck pulled pulled out of Green Butte camp, low-lying
fog kept visibility and temperatures low. The aerial tram line
running up the steep east wall of the canyon toward the adits 1,200
feet above disappeared quickly into dense gray obscurity.

GB manager's house

Looking east: manager's house,
abandoned Green Butte lower camp.
In the center you can
see the slide area under the aerial tram; above that: the
fog.  --HAER

Two men who had quit working for Green Butte were riding into
McCarthy with him. He was not pleased about the matter, but it
seemed only right to let them ride in with him since he had to
return to town for business anyway.

“Mr. Barrett, we surely appreciate you bringing us back into

“No problem, Harry. I have business there. You two never told me if
you were leaving because you found work at Kennecott. Is that what

There was a moment of silence. Jerry finally spoke.

“No reflection on you, Mr. Barrett. We found your operation just
fine. We’d just like to work for a larger company. The rumor is that
you won’t be operating this winter.”

“That’s true. But I close it every winter. Can’t afford to operate
in the cold.”

“We just want to survive the winter, Mr. Barrett. We’ve heard some
bad things about this country when it gets cold.”

“I see. If you have jobs at Kennecott, maybe it’s just as well you

Just like rats
deserting a sinking ship. They sense something’s up. It’s
not just the winter shut-down. It’s more than that. Hope
they’re wrong. I’ve got a lot into the old place.

ML Rd tunnel

McCarthy Creek-Mother Lode Road tunnel #2, downstream
from the Green Butte Mine.

with "Cap Rescues Johnny," pt 2

No comments: