Self-Contained Camp Swent: What about health care? Haldeman: We had very good medical service. It was excellent. We had what they call "womb to tomb" philosophy in everything; paternalism to the nth degree. Swent: Company doctors, company hospital-- Haldeman: Everything. A hospital in every town site. We took care of all of the people. We had some excellent doctors, all Chilean Haldeman: . . . We imported, without any question as to cost, everything they needed. Many people in Santiago would call up and ask if they could send their kid up to Sewell to have him operated on. So did Anaconda, because we both had to be self-contained. The Chilean national health service--government socialized medicine--at that time was very substandard. So we did a very good job on that, and still do today. Swent: You had your own schools, too? Haldeman: The company always did. We had public schools there, and for the foreigners we had the Calvert system. My boys went to the Calvert school in the mining camp, and when I moved to Santiago we put them into a British boys' school, the Grange. Swent: Did your wife teach, or did you hire teachers? Haldeman: No, the wife of the safety director, the wife of the mill superintendent, and the wife of this and that who had experience in teaching before in their lives took over the teaching jobs. They did a real good job. Swent: Did the company pay them? Haldeman: Yes, a modest, nominal sum, and gave them all the equipment they needed. And we gave all medical and other paternalistic services to the teachers that the government sent to the public schools, and we helped them out with supplies, because the government was short on that, too. There are an awful lot of indirect subsidies that you have to get along with. We also had quarters for the police force; we gave them housing. We had 18,000 people in our town sites, and we gave them everything, plus all the 18,000 complaints that you can imagine. Everything you get for nothing is not very good. If you have to buy it yourself and take care of it yourself, it's not bad; even though it's lousy, you don't complain. [laughs]
Swent: So now as superintendent you were getting into all of this. Haldeman: Oh, when 1 got into management, the women used to call me up and say, "The welfare department hasn't changed the light globe in my basement now in three weeks." Oh, dear. And I'm supposed to be taking care of producing copper.
Index to Haldeman Interview